Events - September 1
1819 - The first plow with interchangeable parts was patented by Jethro Wood.
1859 - The Pullman sleeping car was placed into service. The car was built by company namesake George Pullman and he was assisted by Ben Field.
1878 - Originally there were no female telephone operators in the young communications industry. However, the callers complained that the operators were rude. And so, the first woman was hired to be the courteous, friendly voice on the other end of the black box and wire. The first woman telephone operator was Emma M. Nutt, who started work saying “Number pu-leeeeeze” for the Telephone Dispatch Company of Boston, Massachusetts on this day. She remained in her career choice for 33 years. We’ve come a long way, baby... In fact, we’ve come full circle. Wasn’t that last telephone operator’s voice, male? Well, at least he was polite.
1887 - Emile Berliner filed for a patent for his invention of the lateral-cut, flat-disk gramophone. We know it better as the record player. Emile got the patent, but Thomas Edison got the notoriety for making it work and making music with his invention.
1906 - Pitcher Jack Coombs of the American League’s Philadelphia Athletics went 24 innings. For the record, the A’s defeated the Boston Red Sox.
1922 - The first daily news program on radio was "The Radio Digest", on WBAY radio. The program, hosted by George F. Thompson, the program’s editor, originated from New York City.
1923 - The earth shook violently in Kanto, Japan. It was the worst earthquake in Japan’s history (magnituded 7.1), killing some 140,000 people.
1939 - This day would live in infamy as the beginning of World War II. It was marked by the invasion of Poland by Nazi troops and planes. Polish defenses crumbled under the massive mechanized land and air assault.
1949 - "Martin Kane, Private Eye" debuted on NBC-TV. William Gargan starred on the Thursday night program. Gargan’s "Martin Kane" was a smooth, wisecracking operator who worked closely with the cops. His headquarters were at Happy McMann’s tobacco shop. As time passed, the format changed and so did the lead. Kane no longer worked closely with the fuzz and three other actors played the famous detective, Lloyd Nolan (1951-52), Lee Tracy (1952-53) and Mark Stevens (1953-54). "Martin Kane, Private Eye" ended on June 17, 1954.
1951 - The United States, Australia and New Zealand signed a mutual defense pact, the "ANZUS Treaty".
1962 - An earthquake struck northwestern Iran near Qazvin. The magnitude 7.3 quake killed some 12,000 people.
1971 - When Danny Murtaugh, manager of the Pittsburgh Pirates, handed in his lineup card to the umpire, it contained the names of nine black baseball players -- a first for the major leagues.
1972 - The O’Jays received a gold record for "Back Stabbers". It was the first hit for the group from Canton, OH. The O’Jays would place nine more hits on the pop and R&B charts. Five of them were gold record winners: "Love Train", "I Love Music", "Use ta Be My Girl", "For the Love of Money" and "Put Your Hands Together".
1972 - America’s Bobby Fischer beat Russia’s Boris Spassky to become world chess champion. The chess match took place in Reykjavik, Iceland.
1973 - Horse-racing jockey Braulio Baeza won two races at Belmont Park, New York. Baeza then boarded an airplane and flew to Liberty Bell race track in Philadelphia to ride Determined King to victory in the Kindergarten Stakes.
1975 - The last "Monday Night Baseball" game was broadcast on NBC-TV. Montreal’s Expos defeated the Philadelphia Phillies 6-5. ABC-TV picked up the games in 1976.
1977 - Singer Debbie Harry (of Blondie) signed a recording deal with Chrysalis Records. Chrysalis bought the group’s private stock label for $500,000. With the high visibility of the former Playboy Bunny, it was difficult to think of Blondie as a band, and not just Debbie Harry.
1982 - After a two-year absence from the major leagues (following a near-fatal stroke in June of 1980), pitcher J.R. Richard was called back to the Houston Astros.
1983 - A Soviet interceptor plane destroyed a Korean Air Boeing 747 that had strayed 100 miles off course, flying over Soviet military installations. Flight 007, carrying 240 passengers and 29 crew members, had departed from New York and was en route to Seoul, Korea. All 269 on board perished.
1992 - Chess champ Bobby Fischer came out of his 20-year retirement to hold a press conference in Yugoslavia. He spit on an order from the U.S. Treasury Department warning him of his pending violation of U.N. sanctions if he played chess in Yugoslavia. Fischer announced that he would, indeed, play his one-time rival, Boris Spassky, in a $5-million chess match in Sveti Stefan, Yugoslavia -- despite the sanctions. The match began on Sep 30 and ran thru Nov 11 (Fischer won).
1997 - The Jerry Lewis MDA Telethon raised $50,475,055 -- a record -- to support Muscular Dystrophy Association research and services.
1997 - Henri Paul, the driver of the Mercedes in which Princess Diana was fatally injured, had a blood-alcohol level above the legal limit. The Paris prosecutor's office said, “The analysis of his blood showed a concentration of alcohol at an illicit level.”
Birthdays - September 1
1791 - Lydia Sigourney (author: Pleasant Memories of Pleasant Lands, Letters to Young Ladies, How to Be Happy; died June 10, 1865)
1854 - Engelbert Humperdinck (opera composer: Hansel and Gretel; name borrowed by pop singer Arnold Dorsey; died Sep 27, 1921)
1875 - Edgar Rice Burroughs (writer: Tarzan of the Apes; died Mar 19, 1950)
1898 - Richard Arlen (Van Mattimore) (actor: Road to Nashville, Johnny Reno, Apache Uprising, Sex and the College Girl, Buffalo Bill Rides Again, Island of Lost Souls; died Mar 28, 1976)
1900 - Don Wilson (announcer, actor: The Jack Benny Show; died Apr 25, 1982)
1904 - Johnny Mack Brown (actor: Apache Uprising, Ghost Rider, The Masked Rider, Oregon Trail, Rustlers of Red Dog, Texas Kid; died Nov 14, 1974)
1907 - Walter (Philip) Reuther (labor union leader: president of United Automobile Workers [UAW] and Congress of Industrial Organizations [CIO]; killed in plane crash May 9, 1970)
1916 - Arleen Whelan (actress: Never Wave at a WAC, Ramrod; died Apr 7, 1993)
1920 - Richard Farnsworth (actor: The Fire Next Time, The Two Jakes, The Natural, Misery, Anne of Green Gables, Lassie, The Grey Fox, Legend of the Lone Ranger, Havana, The Boys of Twilight; died Oct 6, 2000)
1922 - Yvonne De Carlo (Peggy Yvonne Middleton) (actress: The Munsters, Salome, Where She Danced, The Ten Commandments, McLintock!; died Jan 8, 2007)
1922 - Vittorio Gassman (actor: Sharkey’s Machine, The Scent of a Woman, Abraham, Bitter Rice, War and Peace, The Family; died June 29, 2000)
1923 - Rocky Marciano (Rocco Marchegiano) (boxer: World Heavyweight Champion [1952-56]: the only world champion to have won every fight in professional career [1947-56]; died Aug 31, 1969)
1928 - George Maharis (Maharias) (actor: Route 66, Rich Man, Poor Man - Book 1, The Most Deadly Game, The Crash of Flight 401, Return to Fantasy Island, Murder on Flight 502, Land Raiders, Exodus)
1931 - Boxcar Willie (Lecil Martin) (‘The Singing Hobo’: songwriter, singer: Not the Man I Used to Be; died Apr 12, 1999)
1933 - Conway Twitty (Harold Lloyd Jenkins) (songwriter: Walk Me to the Door; singer: It’s Only Make Believe, Danny Boy, Lonely Boy Blue, What Am I Living For, Next In Line, Hello Darlin’, 15 Years Ago, You’ve Never been this Far Before, Don’t Cry Joni; CMA Male Vocalist of the Year , Grammy Award-winner [w/Loretta Lynn]: After the Fire is Gone ; owns booking agency, music publishing company, Twitty Burgers, Twitty City theme park; died June 5, 1993)
1935 - Seiji Ozawa (orchestra leader: San Francisco Symphony Orchestra)
1935 - Guy Rodgers (basketball: Milwaukee Bucks, Cincinnati Royals, Chicago Bulls, Philadelphia Warriors; died Feb 19, 2001)
1937 - Al Geiberger (golf: holds PGA Tour Record for lowest score in 18 holes , played in 1977 during the second round of the Danny Thomas Memphis Classic at the Colonial Country Club)
1937 - Ron O’Neal (actor: Original Gangstas, Up Against the Wall, Trained to Kill, Super Fly, Red Dawn, No Place to Be Somebody, The Equalizer, Bring ’Em Back Alive; died Jan 14, 2004)
1939 - Lily (Mary Jean) Tomlin (Emmy Award-winning comedy-writer: Lily [1973-74], Lily Tomlin [1975-76], The Paul Simon Special [12/8/77], producer: Lily: Sold Out [1980-81]; Tony Award-winning actress: The Search for Signs of Intelligent Life in the Universe ; Rowan & Martin’s Laugh-In, 9 to 5, The Incredible Shrinking Woman, And the Band Played On, Short Cuts, Nashville)
1939 - Rico (Ricardo Adolfo Jacobo) Carty (baseball: Milwaukee Braves, Atlanta Braves [all-star: 1970], Chicago Cubs, Texas Rangers, Oakland Athletics, Cleveland Indians, Toronto Blue Jays)
1943 - Don Stroud (actor: Dillinger and Capone, Prime Target, Twisted Justice, Amityville Horror, The Buddy Holly Story, Sudden Death, Killer Inside Me, Madigan, Coogan’s Bluff, Mickey Spillane’s Mike Hammer, Kate Loves a Mystery, Dragnet)
1944 - Leonard Slatkin (Grammy Award-winning orchestra director: St. Louis Symphony Orchestra, National Symphony Orchestra)
1946 - Barry Gibb (musician: rhythm guitar, songwriter, singer: group: The Bee Gees: Stayin’ Alive, Night Fever, How Deep Is Your Love, How Can You Mend a Broken Heart, Tragedy, Lonely Days; What Kind of Fool [w/Barbra Streisand], Emotion [w/Samantha Sang]; score: Saturday Night Fever; 29 hits: 7 gold, 4 platinum)
1946 - Greg Errico (musician: drums: group: Sly and The Family Stone: Everyday People, [I Want to Take You] Higher, Dance to the Music, Hot Fun in the Summertime, Thank You [Falettinme be Mice Elf Agin])
1947 - Ed Podolak (football: Kansas City Chiefs running back: Super Bowl IV)
1949 - Garry (Lee) Maddox (baseball: San Francisco Giants, Philadelphia Phillies [World Series: 1980, 1983])
1955 - Bruce Foxton (musician: guitar: band: 100 Men; group: The Jam: Down in the Tube Station at Midnight, David Watts, Eton Rifles, Little Boy Soldiers, Saturday’s Kids, Going Underground, Town Called Malice, Beat Surrender, Man in the Corner Shop, Set the House Ablaze, Start, The Planner’s Dream Gone Wrong)
1957 - Gloria Estefan (Gloria Maria Milagrosa Fajardo) (‘Queen of Latin Pop’: Grammy Award-winning singer: Mi Tierra , Abriendo Puertas ; group: Miami Sound Machine: Don’t Want to Lose You, Turn the Beat Around; solo: LPs: Cuts Both Ways, Into the Light, Greatest Hits, Destiny; over 45 million records sold; actress: Music of the Heart)
1961 - Scott ‘Bam Bam’ Bigelow (pro wrestler/actor: WWF Superstars of Wrestling, Survivor Series, Wrestlemania, Extreme Championship Wrestling, WCW Saturday Night, Ready to Rumble; died Jan 19, 2007)
Chart Toppers - September 1
Because of You - Tony Bennett
Come on-a My House - Rosemary Clooney
Shangai - Doris Day
Always Late (With Your Kisses) - Lefty Frizzell
Sea of Love - Phil Phillips
Sleep Walk - Santo & Johnny
I’m Gonna Get Married - Lloyd Price
The Three Bells - The Browns
Ode to Billie Joe - Bobbie Gentry
Pleasant Valley Sunday - The Monkees
Baby I Love You - Aretha Franklin
I’ll Never Find Another You - Sonny James
Get Down Tonight - K.C. & The Sunshine Band
How Sweet It Is (To Be Loved by You) - James Taylor
At Seventeen - Janis Ian
Rhinestone Cowboy - Glen Campbell
Every Breath You Take - The Police
Sweet Dreams (Are Made of This) - Eurythmics
Maniac - Michael Sembello
You’re Gonna Ruin My Bad Reputation - Ronnie McDowell
(Everything I Do) I Do It for You - Bryan Adams
Fading Like a Flower (Every Time You Leave) - Roxette
Wind of Change - Scorpions
You Know Me Better Than That - George Strait
Those were the days, my friend. We thought they‘d never end...
Written and edited by Carol Williams and John Williams
Produced by John Williams
Those Were the Days, the Today in History feature
from 440 International
No portion of these files may be reproduced without the express, written permission of 440 International Inc.